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Preface for Teachers

Student Audience and Preparedness

Our Emphasis on Mastery, Integration, and Kingdom Perspective

Approaching the Subject of Evolution

Recommendations for Teaching With This Text

Laboratory Work and Lab Reports

Preface for Students

Chapter 1: Biology – The Study of Life

1.1 The Science of Biology

1.1.1 Truth and Facts

1.1.2 Theories, Hypotheses, and Experiments

1.1.3 The Cycle of Scientific Enterprise

1.1.4 Instruments and Measurement

1.2 What is Life?

1.2.1 Life vs. Non-Life

1.2.2 Cellular Structure and Levels of Organization

1.2.3 Living Things Metabolize

1.2.4 Living Things Grow, Develop, and Reproduce

1.2.5 Living Things Use and Transmit Genetic Information

1.2.6 Living Things Respond

1.2.7 Living Things Adapt to the Environment

1.3 The History of Biogenic Theory

1.3.1 Aristotle and Redi

1.3.2 Needham and Spallanzani

1.3.3 Pasteur and the Victorian Debates

Hmm…Interesting. Comparing Orders of Magnitude

1.3.4 Modern Vocabulary

Chapter 2: Atoms and Molecules

2.1 Atoms and Molecules

2.1.1 Atomic Structure

2.1.2 The Periodic Table of the Elements

2.1.3 Bonds and Intermolecular Interactions

2.2 Water

2.2.1 The Structure and Properties of Water

2.2.2 Acidic and Basic Solutions

2.3 Biomolecules

2.3.1 Monomers and Polymers

2.3.2 Carbohydrates and Lipids

2.3.3 Proteins and Nucleic Acids

Hmm…Interesting. Does Eating Protein Promote Healing?

Hmm…Interesting. DNA as a Wire

Chapter 3: The Cell

3.1 Cell Theory

3.1.1 The History of Cell Theory

3.1.2 The Tenets of Cell Theory

3.1.3 Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

3.2 Cell Structure and Function

3.2.1 Genetic Expression

3.2.2 Endomembrane System

Hmm…Interesting. The Range of Cellular Sizes

3.2.3 Energy Production

3.2.4. The Cytoskelon

3.2.5 Extracellular Features

3.3 The Cell Membrane

3.3.1 Composition

3.3.2 Passive Transport

3.3.3 Active Transport

Hmm…Interesting. How Do Antibiotics Work?

 

Chapter 4: Energy in the Cell

4.1 Energy in Chemical Reactions

4.1.1 Energy

4.1.2 Chemical Reactions

4.1.3 ATP as Energy Currency

4.1.4 Enzymes

4.2 Cellular Respiration

4.2.1 Production of ATP

Hmm…Interesting. Vitamins and Minerals

4.2.2 The Four Major Stages in the Cellular Respiration Process

4.2.3 Aerobic Respiration, Fermentation, and Anaerobic Respiration

4.3 Photosynthesis

4.3.1 Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum

Hmm…Interesting. Light and Humans

4.3.2 Chlorophyll Molecules

4.3.3 The Light-Dependent Reactions

4.3.4 The Calvin Cycle

4.3.5 Adaptations for Arid Climates

Chapter 5: The Cell Cycle & Central Dogma

5.1 The History of Molecular Biology

5.1.1 DNA as the Genetic Material

5.1.2 Discovery of the Three-Dimentional Structure of DNA

5.2 DNA Organization and Genetic Expression

5.2.1 DNA Structure

5.2.2 Histones, Nucleosomes and Chromosomes

5.2.3 Transcription

5.2.4 Translation

5.2.4 Post-translational Modification and Regulation

5.3 Central Dogma

5.3.1 Transcription and mRNA structure

5.3.2 Regulation of Gene Expression

5.3.3 Translation

Hmm…Interesting. Gene Editing

5.3.4 Post-translational Modification, Folding, and Transport of Proteins

5.3 The Cell Cycle

5.3.1 Overview of the Cell Cycle

5.3.2 Synthesis (DNA Replication)

5.3.3 Mitosis and Cytokinesis

5.4.4 Regulation of the Cell Cycle

Hmm…Interesting. Lifespans and Telomeres

 

Chapter 6: Genetics

6.1 Meiosis

6.1.1 Asexual and Sexual Reproduction

6.1.2 The Process of Meiosis

6.1.3 Genetic Diversity

6.2 Human Chromosomal Genetics

6.2.1 Chromosomal Basis of Sex

6.2.2 Nondisjunction and Chromosomal Abnormalities

6.3 Mendel and Classical Genetics

6.3.1 History

6.3.2 Laws of Segregation and Independent Assortment

6.3.3 Punnett Squares

Hmm…Interesting. 23 and Me and the Human Genome Project

6.3.4 Pedigrees

6.3.5 Non-Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance

6.4 Population Genetics

6.4.1 Introduction and Definitions

6.4.2 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium

6.4.3 The Hardy-Weinberg Equation

Hmm…Interesting. Genetic Counseling

Chapter 7: Classification and Microorganisms

7.1 Taxonomy

7.1.1 The History of Classification

7.1.2 Taxonomy

7.1.3 Cladistics

7.2 Viruses

7.2.1 History and Discovery

7.2.2 Viral Structure

7.2.3 Viral Life Cycle

7.2.4 Viral Diseases

7.2.5 Vaccines

7.3 Prokaryotes

7.3.1 Bacteria and Archaea

7.3.2 Bacterial Classification

7.3.3 Beneficial Bacteria

7.3.4 Pathogenic Bacteria

7.3.5 Antibiotics and Resistance

7.4 Protists

7.4.1 Introduction and Origin

7.4.2 Animal-like Protists

>Hmm…Interesting. The Microbiome

7.4.3 Plant-like Protists

>Hmm…Interesting. Clean Water.

7.4.4 Fungal-like Protists

 

Chapter 8: Fungi and Plants

8.1 Fungi

8.1.1 Anatomy of a Fungus

8.1.2 Life Cycle of a Fungus

8.1.3 Fungal Diversity

8.1.4 Ecological Roles

8.1.5 Fungal Diseases

8.2 Distinctive Characteristics of Plants

8.3 Classification and Diversification of Plants

8.3.1 Non-vascular Plants

8.3.2 Vascular, Seedless Plants

8.3.3 Seeded Plants — Gymnosperms

Hmm…Interesting. Genetically-Modified Organisms

8.3.4 Flowering Plants—Angiosperms

8.4 Plant Anatomy

8.4.1 Root System

8.4.2 Shoot System

8.4.3 Kingdom Connection

8.5 Plant Physiology

8.5.1 Transpiration

8.5.2 Tropism

Chapter 9: Animals

9.1 An Introduction to Animals

9.1.1 Development of Animal

9.1.2 History of Animal Classification

9.1.2 Contemporary Animal Classification

Hmm…Interesting. How Many Species Are There?

9.2 Invertebrates

9.2.1 Sponges

9.2.2 Cnidarians

9.2.3 Platyhelminthes – Flatworms

9.2.4 Mollusca

9.2.5 Annelids

9.2.6 Nematodes – Roundworms

9.2.7 Arthropoda

9.2.8 Echinoderms

9.3 Chordates

9.3.1 Distinguishing Features

9.3.2 Invertebrate Chordates

9.3.3 Vertebrates

9.3.7 Humans – Created in the Image and Likeness of God

 

Chapter 10: Human Organ Systems

10.1 Musculoskeletal System

10.1.1 General Roles

10.1.2 The Structure of the Skeletal System

10.1.3 Regulation of Blood Calcium

10.1.4 Muscle Tissue

10.1.5 Muscles Contractions

10.2 Nervous System

10.2.1 Neurons and Neural Impulses

10.2.2 Types of Neurons

10.2.3 The Nervous System and Homeostasis

10.3 Circulatory and Respiratory Systems

10.3.1 The Heart

10.3.2 Blood Vessels

10.3.3 Blood Pressure Regulation

10.3.4 The Lungs and Gas Exchange

10.4 Digestive System

10.4.1 Mouth and Salivary Glands

10.4.2 Stomach

10.4.3 Small Intestine

10.4.4 Large Intestine

10.4.5 Accessory Organs

Hmm…Interesting. Diabetes

10.5 Kidneys and Excretion

10.5.1 Anatomy of the Urinary System

10.5.2 Urine Production

Hmm…Interesting. Markers for Disease in Urine

10.5.3 Maintaining Homeostatis

10.6 Reproductive Systems

10.6.1 Male Reproductive Systems

10.6.2 Female Reproductive Systems

10.6.3 Fertilization and Development

Hmm…Interesting. Assisted Reproductive Technology

 

Chapter 11: Ecology

11.1 What Is Ecology?

11.2 Interactions with the Environment

11.2.1 Nutrient Cycling

Hmm…Interesting. Eutrophication

11.2.2 Biomes

11.3 Interactions Between Living Things

11.3.1 Trophic Levels and Food Webs

11.3.2 Populations

11.3.3 Keystone Species

11.3.4 Ecological Succession

Hmm…Interesting. Invasive Species

Hmm…Interesting. Forest Fires

11.3.5 Symbiotic Relationships

11.4 Environmental Concerns

11.4.1 Human Populations

11.4.2 Habitat Destruction

11.4.3 Waste production

11.4.4 Human Stewardship

 

Chapter 12: The Theory of Evolution

12.0 Chapter Preface

12.1 The History of Evolutionary Theory

12.1.1 Studying Evolution as a Christian

12.1.2 Definitions

12.1.3 Early Evolutionary History

12.1.4 Charles Darwin

12.1.5 The Modern Synthesis

12.2 Microevolution

12.2.1 Mechanisms of Variation

12.2.2 Selection

12.2.3 Genetic Drift and Gene Flow

12.3 Speciation

12.3.1 What is a Species?

12.3.2 Reproductive Isolation

12.3.3 Patterns of Speciation

12.3.4 Speciation and Time

12.4 Macroevolution

12.4.1 Evidence for Macroevolution

12.4.2 Evo-devo: From Genes to Morphology

12.4.3 The History of Life on Earth

12.4.4 Patterns and Challenges in Life’s History

Hmm…Interesting. The Modern Maverick and the Web of Life

12.4.5 Human Origins

Glossary

Appendix A

Units, Unit Conversions, Significant Digits, and Scientific Notation

A.1 Units of Measure

A.1.1 The US Customary System

A.1.2 The SI Unit System

A.1.2 Metric Prefixes

A.2 Converting Units of Measure

A.2.1 Basic Principles of Unit Conversion Factors

A.2.2 Tips for Converting Units of Measure

A.2.3 Converting Temperature Units

A.3 Accuracy and Precision

A.3.1 Distinguishing Between Accuracy and Precision

A.3.2 Significant Digits

A.4 Other Important Math Skills

A.4.1 Scientific Notation

A.4.2 Calculating Percent Difference

Appendix B

Reference Data