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Tentative Table of Contents

Preface for Teachers

Our Emphasis on Mastery, Integration, and Kingdom Perspective

Approaching the Subject of Evolution

Recommendations for Teaching With This Text

Laboratory Work and Lab Reports

Preface for Students

Chapter 1: Biology – The Study of Life

1.1 The Science of Biology

1.1.1 Truth and Facts

1.1.2 Theories, Hypotheses, and Experiments

1.1.3 The Cycle of Scientific Enterprise

1.1.4 Instruments and Measurement

1.2 What is Life?

1.2.1 Life vs. Non-Life

1.2.2 Cellular Structure and Levels of Organization

1.2.3 Living Things Metabolize

1.2.4 Living Things Grow, Develop, and Reproduce

1.2.5 Living Things Use and Transmit Genetic Information

1.2.6 Living Things Respond

1.2.7 Living Things Adapt to the Environment

1.3 The History of Biogenic Theory

1.3.1 Aristotle and Redi

1.3.2 Needham and Spallanzani

1.3.3 Pasteur and the Victorian Debates

Hmm…Interesting. Comparing Orders of Magnitude

1.3.4 Modern Vocabulary

Chapter 2: Atoms and Molecules

2.1 Atoms and Molecules

2.1.1 Atomic Structure

2.1.2 The Periodic Table of the Elements

2.1.3 Bonds and Intermolecular Interactions

2.2 Water

2.2.1 The Structure and Properties of Water

2.2.2 Acidic and Basic Solutions

2.3 Biomolecules

2.3.1 Monomers and Polymers

2.3.2 Carbohydrates and Lipids

2.3.3 Proteins and Nucleic Acids

Hmm…Interesting. Does Eating Protein Promote Healing?

Hmm…Interesting. DNA as a Wire

Chapter 3: The Cell

3.1 Cell Theory

3.1.1 The History of Cell Theory

3.1.2 The Tenets of Cell Theory

3.1.3 Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

3.2 Cell Structure and Function

3.2.1 Genetic Expression

3.2.2 Endomembrane System

Hmm…Interesting. The Range of Cellular Sizes

3.2.3 Energy Production

3.2.4. The Cytoskelon

3.2.5 Extracellular Features

3.3 The Cell Membrane

3.3.1 Composition

3.3.2 Passive Transport

3.3.3 Active Transport

Hmm…Interesting. How Do Antibiotics Work?

 

Chapter 4: Energy in the Cell

4.1 Energy in Chemical Reactions

4.1.1 Energy

4.1.2 Chemical Reactions

4.1.3 ATP as Energy Currency

4.1.4 Enzymes

4.2 Cellular Respiration

4.2.1 Production of ATP

Hmm…Interesting. Vitamins and Minerals

4.2.2 The Four Major Stages in the Cellular Respiration Process

4.2.3 Aerobic Respiration, Fermentation, and Anaerobic Respiration

4.3 Photosynthesis

4.3.1 Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum

Hmm…Interesting. Light and Humans

4.3.2 Chlorophyll Molecules

4.3.3 The Light-Dependent Reactions

4.3.4 The Calvin Cycle

4.3.5 Adaptations for Arid Climates

Hmm…Interesting. Additional Article here

Chapter 5: The Cell Cycle & Central Dogma

5.1 The History of Molecular Biology

5.1.1 Watson, Crick & Franklin – double helical structure of DNA

5.1.2 Hershey & Chase – DNA as genetic material

5.2 DNA Organization and Replication

5.2.1 Histones, nucleosomes and chromosomes (Thomas Hunt Morgan)

5.2.2 DNA polymerases (Kornberg)

5.2.3 Replication and Base Pairing Rules

5.2.4 Mutations

5.3 Central Dogma

5.3.1 Transcription and mRNA structure

5.3.2 Regulation of Gene Expression

5.3.3 Translation

5.3.4 Post-translational Modification, Folding, and Transport of Proteins

5.3.5 Mutations

5.4 Mitosis and Cell Cycle

5.4.1 Phases of the Cell Cycle

5.4.2 Mitosis

5.4.3 Cancer

5.4.4 Telomeres and Telomerase

Hmm…Interesting. Lifespan

Hmm…Interesting. Biotechnology/CRISPR

 

Chapter 6: Genetics

6.1 Meiosis

6.1.1 Asexual and Sexual Reproduction

6.1.2 The Process of Meiosis

6.1.3 Genetic Diversity

6.2 Human Chromosomal Genetics

6.2.1 Chromosomal Basis of Sex

6.2.2 Nondisjunction and Chromosomal Abnormalities

6.3 Mendel and Classical Genetics

6.3.1 History

6.3.2 Laws of Segregation and Independent Assortment

6.3.3 Punnett Squares

Hmm…Interesting. 23 and Me and the Human Genome Project

6.3.4 Pedigrees

6.3.5 Non-Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance

6.4 Population Genetics

6.4.1 Introduction and Definitions

6.4.2 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium

6.4.3 The Hardy-Weinberg Equation

Hmm…Interesting. Genetic Counseling

Chapter 7: Classification and Microorganisms

7.1 Taxonomy

7.1.1 The History of Classification

7.1.2 Taxonomy

7.1.3 Cladistics

7.2 Viruses

7.2.1 History and Discovery

7.2.2 Viral Structure

7.2.3 Viral Life Cycle

7.2.4 Viral Diseases

7.2.5 Vaccines

7.3 Prokaryotes

7.3.1 Bacteria and Archaea

7.3.2 Bacterial Classification

7.3.3 Beneficial Bacteria

7.3.4 Pathogenic Bacteria

7.3.5 Antibiotics and Resistance

7.4 Protozoans

7.4.1 Introduction and Origin

7.4.2 Animal-like Protozoans

>Hmm…Interesting. The Microbiome

7.4.3 Plant-like Protozoans

>Hmm…Interesting. Clean Water.

7.4.4 Fungal-like Protozoans

 

Chapter 8: Fungi and Plants

8.1 Fungi

8.1.1 Anatomy of a Fungus

8.1.2 Life Cycle of a Fungus

8.1.3 Fungal Diversity

8.1.4 Ecological Roles

8.1.5 Fungal Diseases

8.2 Plants

8.3 Diversification & Classification of Plants

8.3.1 Non-vascular Plants

8.3.2 Vascular, Seedless vascular

8.3.3 Seeded Plants — Gymnosperms

Hmm…Interesting. Genetically-Modified Organisms

8.3.4 Flowering Plants—Angiosperms

8.4 Plant Anatomy

8.4.1 Root System

8.4.2 Shoot System

8.4.3 Kingdom Connection

8.5 Plant Physiology

8.5.1 Transpiration

8.5.2 Tropism

 

Chapter 9: Animals

9.1 An Introduction to Animals

9.1.1 History of Animal Classification

9.1.2 Contemporary Animal Classification

9.2 Invertebrates

9.2.1 Sponges

9.2.2 Cnidarians

9.2.3 Platyhelminthes – Flatworms

9.2.4 Mollusks

9.2.5 Annelids

9.2.6 Nematodes – Roundworms

9.2.7 Arthropods

9.2.8 Echinoderms

9.3 Chordates

9.3.1 Distinguishing Features

9.3.2 Invertebrate Chordates

9.3.3 Vertebrates

9.3.7 Humans – Created in the Image and Likeness of God

 

Chapter 10: Human Organ Systems

10.1 Musculoskeletal

10.1.1 General Roles

10.1.2 The Structure of the Skeletal System

10.1.3 Regulation of Blood Calcium

10.1.4 Muscle Tissue

10.1.5 Muscles Contractions

10.2 Nervous System

10.2.1 Neurons and Electrochemical Impulses

10.2.2 Types of Neurons

10.2.3 The Nervous System and Homeostasis

10.3 Circulatory and Respiratory

10.3.1 The Heart

10.3.2 Blood Vessels

10.3.3 Blood Pressure Regulation

10.3.4 The Lungs and Gas Exchange

10.4 Digestive

10.4.1 Mouth and Salivary Glands

10.4.2 Stomach

10.4.3 Small Intestine

10.4.4 Large Intestine

10.4.5 Accessory Organs

Hmm…Interesting. Diabetes

10.5 Kidneys and Excretion

10.5.1 Anatomy of the Urinary System

10.5.2 Urine Production

Hmm…Interesting. Markers for Disease in Urine

10.5.3 Maintaining Homeostatis

10.6 Reproductive Systems

10.6.1 Male Reproductive Systems

10.6.2 Female Reproductive Systems

10.6.3 Fertilization and Development

Hmm…Interesting. Assisted Reproductive Technology

 

Chapter 11: Ecology

11.1 What is Ecology?

11.2 Populations

11.3 Communities

11.4 Ecosystems

11.5 Biomes

11.6 Environmental Issues

 

Chapter 12: The Theory of Evolution

12.1 The History of Evolutionary Theory

12.1.1 Definitions

12.1.2 Early Evolutionary History

12.1.3 Charles Darwin

12.1.4 Post-Darwinian Modifications

12.2 Microevolution

12.2.1 Mechanisms of Variation

12.2.2 Selection

12.2.3 Genetic Drift and Gene Flow

12.3 Speciation

12.3.1 What is a Species?

12.3.2 Reproductive Isolation

12.3.3 Patterns of Speciation

12.4 Macroevolution

12.4.1 Evidence for Macroevolution

12.4.2 Evo-devo: From Genes to Morphology

12.4.3 The History of Life on Earth

12.4.4 Patterns and Challenges in Life’s History

Hmm…Interesting. The Modern Maverick and the Web of Life

12.4.5 Human Origins and Christian Perspectives